Moreover: to be a Jew almost always means to relate mentally to the Jewish past, whether the relation is one of pride or gloom or both together, whether it consists of shame or rebellion or pride or nostalgia.
Moreover: to be a Jew almost always means to relate to the Jewish present, whether the relation is one of fear or confidence, pride in the achievement of Jews or shame for their actions, an urge to deflect them from their path or a compulsion to join them.
And finally: to be a Jew means to feel that wherever a Jew is persecuted for being a Jew—that means you.
Source: Amos Oz, “The Meaning of Homeland” (trans. Nicholas de Lange)